D. Ley () A Social Geography of the City New York: Harper & Row. () Urban neighbourhood as a socio-spatial schema Human Relations 21, Ley de Migraciones No. edited by In Rethinking Race in Modern Argentina, edited by Paulina L. Alberto and Eduardo Elena, – New York. “Aspectos tributarios de la Ley de Hidrocarburos No y el Decreto Supremo La formación de la Bolivia contemporánea, edited by F. Campero P., –
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Main characteristics of the public health care systems in Haiti and the Dominican Republic The health care system in most Latin American and Caribbean countries is segmented, with a variety of financing structures and affiliation types. The road classification of the Haitian and Dominican transport secretaries was used. The aim of this paper is to measure the impact of the border on the accessibility to health services for Haitian people living close to the Haitian-Dominican border.
However, an optimization of the E2SFCA to weight the population according to the real use of health services on both sides of the border would have given a closer insight into le reality of potential spatial accessibility. Conclusion The results emphasize the impact of a good road network on the spatial accessibility of health care, as discussed in many studies.
Oey seems quite high. In particular, the matrix exponential has a simple matrix determinant which vanishes for the case of a spatial weight matrix with a trace of zero LeSage and Pace Does anyone have any direct experience with this?
The first scenario is with an open border. Reforms of the health care system: In this article, we focus on potential spatial accessibility in a borderland context. Furthermore, during the last two decades, the Dominican Republic has been used to channel international aid to Haiti. Trends in Maternal Mortality: The Enhanced Two-Step Floating Catchment Area E2SFCA method The potential spatial accessibility as described earlier is the distance between the supply in this case, the number of health professionals and the demand, defined by the lej population.
Legislation Dominican Republic (Lexadin)
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. The potential spatial accessibility as described earlier is the distance between the supply in this case, the number of health professionals and the demand, defined by the overall population. Spatial accessibility of primary care: Half-closed border Scenario 2 is with a half-closed border, with a min cost to cross the border, and the scenario 3 is with a min cost.
A larger value implies better accessibility. Assessing the spatial accessibility of hospital care in Sichuan Province, China. In this regard, the stakes for Haiti and the Dominican Republic are high, not only because of the instability of relations between the two countries, but also because of the thorny issue of migration.
The reference and counter-reference system allows patients to transit within the system from the entry point to specialized services when required. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their careful reading of our manuscript and their many insightful comments and suggestions.
The health care system in most Latin American and Caribbean countries is segmented, with a variety of financing structures and affiliation types. At the same time, an increased demand from Haitians of those specific areas for the Dominican health services lowers the health professional to population accessibility ratio in Dominican Republic causing striking variations according to the openness of the border.
The adjustments are based on photo interpretations of Google and Bing imagery. Nevertheless, the pace and the implementation of such reforms have fluctuated from one side of the border to the other [ 55 ].
The primary level consists of outpatient services and community care. Colin Geissler liked this post.
What are the requirements? As shown in Fig. First, note that R 2 increases from 0. Women fight for their safety in the Dominican-Haitian border.
Scholars have also analyzed cross-border mobility for health care in several diverse contexts [ 11 — 24 ]. It also seeks to develop relevant strategies and partnerships in the management of infectious diseases. Data Three types of GIS data are needed to assess the potential accessibility of health care services.
Oficina Nacional de Estadistica: Those findings therefore point to the need for effective and efficient trans-border cooperation between health authorities and health facilities. Health Care Women Int. Discussion The E2SFCA results and statistical analyses clearly highlight the impact of the border on the potential spatial accessibility of public health services for Haitian and Dominican border populations with a peculiar pattern caused by the one directional movement assumed for the model.
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Guendelman S, Jasis M. This allows for a larger domain of spatial growth regression models lye be analysed with this approach, including models based on different classes of spatial weight matrices. Open border The first scenario is with an open border. The data were validated using Google and Bing imagery. The red ones are those gaining better access when the border is closed.
Originally Posted by JDJones. An optimization of the model would make it ely to better evaluate the impact of the border and to obtain more robust results, with a better appreciation of the reality of the situation. They also show the impact of the openness of an international border on the potential accessibility of health care in borderland regions, highlighting the importance of distance.
Regional Outlook and Country Profiles, This is a MUST. During the last two decades, both countries—like most Latin American [ 5354 ] and Caribbean countries [ 55 ]—have been involved in an ongoing process of reforming their health care sector. It is worth noticing that the challenges for both countries regarding those issues are high even more when considering the results of the lry spatial accessibility model.
Since the area studied includes rural areas, the catchment area within a min driving, motorbiking and walking time has been divided into four travel time zones, as proposed by some authors [ 7981 ]: This must be done in the DR. Both countries have forged and asserted their lej national le through their respective histories and struggles to achieve the construction of their own nation state [ 3739 ].
You generally have from now until the middle of Nov. Definition and relationship to consumer satisfaction.