Read Colorado Springs Gazette Telegraph Newspaper Archives, Jun 10, , p . 65 with family history and genealogy records from Colorado. 7,/83, it is “illegal to hire workers for an outsourced company, with employment .. As, p) noted, what interests a capitalist in producing an item ” is not strictly .. MARINHO, L. CNI defende lei da terceirização para proteger o trabalhador. in by the so-called law of national security (Lei de Segurarnça Nacional). This scenario changed with the enactment of Law 7, on 4 July
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Another point that is highlighted, by both institutions, is the contribution that passing Bill No. Table 1 provides information relating to the progression of Bill No.
The article is subdivided into eight sections, including this Introduction. The special viewpoint of this article manages to look beyond the barriers imposed by organisations, and is thus able to see, above all, the political dimension that lies beyond the day-to-day of organisations.
This is embodied in new forms of hiring that include part-time work, temporary work, trainee contracts, worker cooperatives, entrepreneurism” illegal work “, subcontracting and internal outsourcing.
This precariousness manifests itself in the growing number of workplace accidents that have occurred, as well as in work that is often carried out under conditions akin to slavery, common not only in the primary sector of the economy but also in the second and tertiary sectors.
July 30, ; Accepted: Outsourcing and resistance to it in Brazil: These two entities are also unfavourable to extending the scope of outsourcing, as provisioned for in Bill No.
Such events, when combined, suggest not only the recursive nature inherent in the agent-structure relationship, but also the presence of generative mechanisms, not always clear to the casual eye, capable of helping us understand some of the movements being made by different social actors in the struggle to protect their interests.
Put together, these two characteristics are central to positivism, an epistemological current that views reality as a series of observable facts. Considering the support given by the business community, and the opposition of the workers to Bill No.
The priority attributed to ontology, associated with epistemological pluralism, is what lies at the heart 1893 Critical Realism. During the s, the scope of outsourcing was once again extended, this time to include security services Law No. Projeto de Lei n.
A review of brazilian literature on organisational studies, produced in the period between and and coinciding with the period during which Bill No. The historical roots of the institution of outsourcing go back to the s, with the gradual implementation of so-called Toyotism in Brazil. It is worth noting that the managerial dimension appears in transversal form in the texts, but is not the focus of their primary analysis, because of the non-managerial approach employed by the authors.
Our research has helped reveal the battle being fought, for more than a decade now, by a wide range of different collective actors, reflecting the different positions and interests of the employer and the worker classes, as well as the views on the subject defended by different collective actors within civil society, such as the Brazilian Bar Association OAB and Anamatra. Firstly, one should highlight a Decision 702 the Merits, in the TST in June ofof legal action brought against OI, a telecoms company, prohibiting it from outsourcing its call centre activities, and the potential impact of this on the pace of progression of Bill No.
This present lsi considers that the institution of outsourcing is the transitory result of a dynamic process of conflict between individual and collective actors, which dde the coexistence of trends and counter-trends. To achieve this proposed objective, a multidisciplinary view was adopted, and to this were added certain contributions from the field of Administration, dde well as from the fields of Sociology, Economics and, above all, from Law.
During the year that followed its adoption, the level of unemployment did leo contract. If the bill passes into law, any professional with direct employment ties will then be subject to being hired by indirect means, and this would include professors, bank staff, supermarket checkout operators, doctors, nurses and the absolute majority of workers lej the retail sector.
However, it does differ from it in terms of the title of the guarantees to be assured.
In order to better understand this opposition, the following section reviews some of the arguments put forward by the main political actors involved in the debate. In addition to referring to the asymmetric and unfavourable conditions faced by outsourced workers, the majority represented by the more vulnerable members of society, including women, youths, people of leu and immigrants, the survey also highlighted that the use of outsourcing has a negative impact on wages, the levels of which tend to be According to Pochmannp.
Critical Realism is, therefore, a rejection of the positivist pretension to tie the qualitative nature of science to its quantitative aspect. The justifications attached 193 Bill No. With regard to the symbolic dimension, research has prioritised the perspective of outsourced workers, looking at areas such the subjective construction of the psychological contract, moral harassment, and the construction of a collective identity of workers.
Firstly, the discovery, during the literary review, of the existence of a number of different actors involved in the debate over the passing into law of Bill No. Critical realists xe the possibility of fe theoretical generalisations linked to the discovery of generative mechanisms, provisions and structures that are subjacent to the superficial level of analysis, whose causual powers may expand the explanatory, and not merely descriptive potential of the occurrence of phenomena and events, visible or not in empirical reality.
Different Perspectives So as to better show the controversial nature lej Bill No.
However, countertrends may emerge, as we have attempted to show, attributing a degree of uncertainty to the result expected on the basis of the dominant trend. Thus, where a contractor fails to fulfil his obligations in relation to an employee, the contractee can only be called upon to settle any outstanding debt 77102 the due legal process has been completed in full, that is, when all avenues for the contractor to 71102 his obligations have been exhausted.
A brief outline of the legislative process to which Bill No. These notes stress, above all, that Bill No. The question of moral harassment suffered by outsourced workers was also a focus of the study, which sought to show some of the ways in which such harassment might manifest itself in the workplace.
These are identifiable through an understanding of the mechanisms operating in an objective reality, which are highly influenced by prior knowledge and practices of social construction. The symbolic dimension casts an analytical eye on the subjectivity of workers and, finally, the socioeconomic dimension deals with a macro analytical plan, focusing on the study of the inter-relations lwi the labour market and the social, political and economic dimensions.
It is worth noting that within Brazilian society, especially as from the middle of the first decade of this new century, there was a sizable increase in the social mobility of a major contingent of Brazilians, who overcame unemployment and were lifted out of abject poverty. Overall, these articles showed deep divergences between discourse and practice, especially in oei case of those mobilised by the contractee firms.
This change differs from cases where the joint responsibility of the contractee is stipulated contractually.
Outsourcing and resistance to it in Brazil: Bill No. 4,/04 and the actions of collective actors
Abstract One can clearly identify a process of increasing flexibility in labour relations occurring in Brazil, especially as from the s onwards. Through its Precedent No. Dde OAB has the same understanding as Anamatrawhen it states categorically that: According to Delgado and Amorimthis provision for joint responsibility imposed by the legislator came about because of practices that were commonly adopted in the civil construction sector, as early ds in the s, that were in detriment of workers’ rights.