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Patients with hypothyroidism, acute pulmonary edema, sepsis with multiple organ failure or shock may have decreased theophylline clearance. If you experience dizziness or drowsiness, avoid these activities.
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Patients with heart disease should be monitored more closely for adverse reactions to theophylline. The elderly may also have a reduced hepatic metabolism, and their doses should generally be lower with careful titration.
Continue to take aminophylline and talk to your doctor if you experience. Seek medical attention if you have difficulty breathing. Patient not receiving aminophylline or theophylline Loading dose: Fluoroquinolonic antibiotics such as enoxacin Penetrexlomefloxacin Maxaquinciprofloxacin Cipronorfloxacin Noroxin and ofloxacin Floxin. In addition, your health professional can tell you about aminoffilina to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
Patient not receiving aminophylline or theophylline: Aminophylline is used to treat breathing problems: Call your doctor immediately if you have nausea, vomiting, insomnia, restlessness, seizures, increased heart rate or headache.
Hypercalcemia has been reported in a patient with hyperthyroid disease at therapeutic concentrations of theophylline. Unbound serum theophylline concentrations should be controlled in these patients to avoid toxicity. Any patient with cystic fibrosis or conditions affecting the thyroid should be carefully monitored while receiving vademeccum.
Patients with uncorrected acidemia may avdemecum an increase in the volume of theophylline distribution due to a decrease in plasma protein binding. Different brands or formulations may require different doses.
Maintenance dose after loading dose: Aminophylline is chemically related to caffeine, and you may experience some side effects if you consume too much caffeine.
Theophylline relaxes smooth muscle and can increase urinary retention, so it should be used with caution in patients with prostatic hypertrophy. Aminophylline may cause dizziness or drowsiness. Similarly, because theophylline can increase oxygen demand, it should be carefully prescribed in patients with coronary artery disease, especially those with a history of myocardial infarction.
Smoking changes the way your body uses aminophylline and may need a dose adjustment. Theophylline is excreted in breast milk in concentrations similar to the serum concentration of the mother.
Lower doses should be considered in these conditions. What are other people reading?
Because the effect of tobacco on liver microsomal enzymes is unrelated to the nicotine component, sudden cessation of smoking may result in reduced elimination of theophylline, despite the initiation of nicotine replacement products. Do not take more of this medication than prescribed without consulting your doctor.
Theophylline should be used with caution in patients with a history of seizure disorder due to the risk of aggravating their condition. These could be signs of too much aminophylline in the blood. Usual pediatric dose for asthma: Aminophylline works in several ways: Get emergency help immediately if you have any of the following symptoms of overdose while taking aminophylline:.
Patients who consume ethanol regularly but who do not show manifest hepatic dysfunction may actually require higher than normal doses. Theophylline should also be aminoffilina with caution in aminodilina with respiratory infection or severe hypoxemia.
No comments yet Leave Comments Cancel reply. Any patient with any of the above conditions should be carefully monitored while receiving theophylline. If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking aminophylline and seek emergency medical attention:. Neonates whose mothers have been taking amijofilina during pregnancy or during breast-feeding should be carefully monitored. Cardiac arrhythmias, heart disease, cor pulmonale, coronary artery disease, heart failure, myocardial infarction.
Doing so can also change the dose of aminophylline you need. Discard the product if it contains particulate material, is cloudy or discolored. Be careful when driving, operating machinery or performing other dangerous activities. Although not all of these side effects can occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Along with its necessary effects, aminophylline can cause some unwanted effects. This medication should not be used to treat severe outbreaks of difficulty breathing. Theophylline can aggravate symptoms related to hiatal hernia or gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD. Check with your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following side effects while taking aminophylline:. IV or oral, all doses based on aminophylline: The selection of any pharmacological treatment for asthma control during pregnancy should include the specific needs of the patient, based on an individual evaluation, and consideration of the possible benefits or risks to the fetus.
Since theophylline can stimulate gastric secretions, it should be used with caution in patients with gastritis or active peptic ulcer disease. The following medications can increase the levels of aminophylline in the blood, which produces dangerous side effects:.
The benefits and risks of using theophylline or aminophylline and the need for more intensive control of serum theophylline concentrations in adult patients over 60 years of age should be carefully considered.